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Exploring populations of organized interests in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe

  • What explains the formation rates of interest organizations in post-communist democracies over time? This chapter provides a bird’s eye view of the size and scope of the interest group populations in Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovenia. To what extent did pre-communist organizations survive the transformation process and how radically was the interest group population transformed by the transition to a market economy, democracy and in some cases nation-building? The authors tackle these issues by exploring the formation and dissolution rates of organized interests in three non-related, yet critical policy areas for the viability of post-communist democracies – energy, healthcare and higher education. In doing so, they focus on a series of factors which might accelerate or decelerate the formation of organized interests. Besides the collapse of the communist regime and introduction of the market economy, the interest group landscape may also be profoundly affected by European Union accession, but also by key national legislation. Based on population ecology datasets which they compiled, the authors assess the volatility and continuity of each different interest group system from a cross-country and cross-policy perspective, while also comparatively exploring changes regarding the types of organizations (e.g. patients vs. medical profession, students vs. academic profession, energy producers vs. consumers, clean vs. dirty energy).

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Author:Rafael Pablo LabaninoORCiD, Brigitte Horváthová, Michael Dobbins
Parent Title (English):Michael Dobbins, Rafal Riedel (Ed.): Exploring Organized Interests in Post-Communist Policy-Making The “Missing Link”
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2021/08/18
Year of Completion:2021
Tag:interest organizations; post-communist democracies; transformation process
GND Keyword:Demokratie; Politik; Postkommunismus
Kapitel eines Buches (s.o.)
Volltext unter angegebener URL abrufbar.
Faculties:Fakultät für Erziehungs- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften
DDC class:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 320 Politik
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International