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Unequal Inclusion: The Production of Social Differences in Education Systems

  • The article raises the question of whether and how education systems produce social differences internally rather than reproducing pre‐existing “external” inequalities. Linking Niklas Luhmann’s theory of inclusion/exclusion with Charles Tilly’s theory of categorical inequalities, and based on empirical data from various qualitative studies, the article identifies an “observation regime” epistemically constituting the social classification of students and legitimising organisational closure mechanisms in the school system. As an alternative to the “reproduction paradigm,” a research approach guided by differentiation theory is proposed that takes into account that educational inequality operationally arises on the “inside” of the educational system and is caused by unequal inclusion processes.

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Author:Ulrike Hormel, Marcus Emmerich
Publisher:Cogitatio Press
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2021/09/17
Year of Completion:2021
Tag:educational inequality; exclusion; inclusion; observation regime; social closure
GND Keyword:Benachteiligung; Exklusion; Inklusion; Schulsystem
Issue:Social Inclusion Vol 9, No 3 (2021): Education, Politics, Inequalities: Current Dynamics and Perspectives
Volltext ist unter angegebener DOI verfügbar.
Faculties:Fakultät für Erziehungs- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften
DDC class:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 370 Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International