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The Relationship Between Reading Skills and Intelligence in Students With and Without Special Educational Needs in Learning

  • Reading research shows that phonological decoding skills and intelligence work mostly independent from each other. However, there is a variety of results on the relationship between reading skills and IQ measures. Studies in this field mainly focus on students with reading disabilities (RD) or students with intellectual disabilities (ID) and less on pupils with Special Educational Needs in Learning (SEN-L). We performed a secondary data analysis to evaluate differences in reading skills and fluid intelligence between students with (N = 144) and without (N = 157) SEN-L and the relationship between SEN-L, reading skills, and fluid intelligence. Participants completed a standardized screening of reading skills (SLS 2-9) and a German culture fair intelligence test (CFT 20-R). Students with SEN-L had lower scores in both tests. Correlations between both scores were smaller within the two groups than in the total sample. Implications of the findings are discussed.

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Author:Markus Scholz, David Scheer
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2021/07/23
Year of Completion:2020
Tag:Intelligenz; Lesekompetenz; sonderpädagogischer Förderbedarf
GND Keyword:Intelligenz; Lesekompetenz; Sonderpädagogik
Issue:Frontiers in Education 5; 123
Abruf des Volltextes unter angegebener DOI.
Faculties:Fakultät für Sonderpädagogik
DDC class:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 370 Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International