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Explaining the Formation Rates of Post-Communist Interest Organizations: Density Dependence and Political Opportunity Structure

  • This article presents an analysis of the formation of organized interest groups in the post-communist context and organizational populations over time. We test two theories that shed doubt on whether vital rates of interest groups are explained by individual incentives, namely, the political opportunity structure and population ecology theory. Based on an analysis of the energy policy and higher education policy organizations active at the national level in Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia, we find that while the period of democratic and economic transition indeed opened up the opportunity structure for organizational formations, it by no means presented a clean slate. Communist-era successor and splinter organizations survived the collapse of communism, and all three countries entered transition with relatively high density rates in both organizational populations. We also find partial support for the density dependence hypothesis. Surprisingly, the EU integration process, the intensity of legislative activity, and media attention do not seem to have meaningfully influenced founding rates in the two populations

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Metadaten
Author:Rafael Pablo LabaninoORCiD, Michael Dobbins, Szczepan CzarneckiORCiD
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0888325420950809
Publisher:Sage Journals
Document Type:Working Paper
Language:English
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2021/08/19
Year of Completion:2020
Tag:Central and Eastern Europe, organized interests, population ecology, political opportunity structure, energy policy, higher education, post-communism
GND Keyword:Energiepolitik; Hochschule; Politik; Postkommunismus
Issue:East European Politics and Societies: and Cultures 9(2020)
Note:
Volltext unter angegebener DOI abrufbar.
Faculties:Fakultät für Erziehungs- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften
DDC class:300 Sozialwissenschaften / 320 Politik
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International