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Retrieval-based skill learning: testing promotes the acquisition of scientific experimentation skills

  • We investigated whether retrieval-based learning can facilitate the acquisition of cognitive skills, focusing on the control-of-variables strategy. This core scientific experimentation skill is regularly taught in science education classes because understanding it is essential for understanding experimental investigations in science. In the present study, participants initially read a text explaining the control-of-variables strategy. We compared the effects of subsequent retrieval practice and restudy of the text in performing a transfer test requiring the application of the control-of-variables strategy by judging the validity of a number of experimental designs. In addition, recall of the initially studied text was assessed as well. Repeated retrieval practice in combination with restudy opportunities resulted in better performance in both the transfer test and the recall test as compared to mere restudy or a single study opportunity. These findings demonstrate that retrieval practice is a useful tool for promoting deep conceptual learning.

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Author:Tobias Tempel, Katrin Kaufmann, Johanna Kranz, Andrea Möller
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2022/04/11
Year of Completion:2018
Tag:retrieval-based learning, cognitive skills, scientific experimentation skills
GND Keyword:Kognition
Issue:Psychological Research 84(2020)
First Page:660
Last Page:666
Volltext ist unter angegebener DOI abrufbar.
Faculties:Fakultät für Kultur- und Naturwissenschaften
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International