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From A to Z? Retrieval-induced forgetting of non-verbal information indicates how writing systems can shape memory organisation

  • We investigated retrieval-induced forgetting of motor sequences in samples of Chinese participants. Retrieval-induced forgetting occurs when selective retrieval of a subset of information stored in memory causes forgetting for the non-retrieved rest. This phenomenon critically depends on the organised storage of separate categories of memory representations. In studies with participants from a Western culture (Germany), a categorization in left- and right-hand movements previously had been supported by letter stimuli based on a spatial mental representation of the Roman alphabet. The same assignment of letters from the beginning or end of the alphabet to motor sequences performed either with the left- or the right-hand did not entail retrieval-induced forgetting in the present study, however (Experiment 1). In Experiment 2, visual features of displaying to-be-learned sequences additionally supported a distinction into left and right. In Experiment 3, learning trials provided verbal category labels. The occurrence of retrieval-induced forgetting in the latter two experiments suggests language-dependent organisation of non-verbal items in memory.

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Author:Tobias Tempel, Rui Chen, Yun Tao, Zhi Liu
Publisher:Wiley Online Library
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2022/04/11
Year of Completion:2019
Tag:Retrieval-induced forgetting, exerimental study, chinese participants
GND Keyword:Studie
Issue:International Journal of Psychology 55(3), 2020
First Page:347
Last Page:353
Volltext ist unter angegebener DOI abrufbar.
Faculties:Fakultät für Kultur- und Naturwissenschaften
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International