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How Disability Stereotypes Shape Memory for Personal Attributes.

  • Two experiments examined effects of including an information about a disability in a person description on memory about that person’s traits. In Experiment 1, this information impaired correct recognition of traits of a person that had been described in correspondence to gender stereotypes. In Experiment 2, it induced false memories in accordance with stereotypes about people with disabilities. Participants’ false alarms for traits belonging to the dimension of warmth increased, whereas false alarms for traits belonging to the dimension of competence decreased. Thus, activating stereotypes through a disability prime influenced what could be recognized correctly or falsely was assumed to be recognized about a person.

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Author:Tobias Tempel, Simon Baur
Publisher:hogrefe e-content
Document Type:Working Paper
Publishing Institution:Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg
Release Date:2023/08/09
Year of Completion:2023
Tag:stereotype content, false memory, disability stereotypes, gender stereotype
GND Keyword:Sonderpädagogik; Stereotyp; Wahrnehmung
Issue:Experimental Psychology (2) 2023
Volltext ist unter angegebener DOI abrufbar
Faculties:Fakultät für Sonderpädagogik
Open Access:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International